Socioecological Resilience Approach for Evaluating Marine Protected Areas

Top-down conservation strategies have clearly failed to protect coral reefs. In the face of current global change events, which obscure the possibility for understanding the socio-ecological systems (SESs) complex dynamics, and limits the management effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), bottom-up conservation actions are urgently needed to directly connect human populations into the resilience of SESs. To improve MPAs’ effectiveness at developing countries, in a context of climate change and crescent anthropogenic pressures, it is necessary a holistic approach that facilitates the understanding of the social and ecological relationships and helps to determine current state and potential risk faced by reefs’ SESs.

DSC_7778    Biommar3